Bagaran, is a town and former fortress in the Armavir Province of Armenia, and one of the oldest settlements capital of Armenia. It was founded by King Yervand, the last of the Yervandunis, in the 3rd century B.C.E. It was here that King Yervand, or Orontes, transported pagan idols from Armavir, constructed pagan temples, and appointed his brother as high priest.At the beginning of the 20th century, Bagaran had about 800 residents. To escape from the Turkish massacres, the residents of Bagaran crossed the left bank of the Akhuryan River. When the first Armenian republic was created in 1918 and the territories expanded, the Bagarantsis returned to the right bank. At that time, Bagaran was part of the district of Surmalu. After the loss of the republic, the Western Armenian regions of Surmalu and the region of Kars, along with the rest of the territories of Western Armenia, became part of Turkey.